5 Phases of IC    
   
  
  

Definition of Hospital Acquired Infection 

 

Hospital acquired infections (HAI) are defined as infections acquired in hospitals by a person and with no evidence that the infection was present or incubating upon entry into a healthcare facility.

 

Any infectious agent can be transmitted nosocomially,whether a bacterium, virus, fungus, parasite, or prion (WHO 2009). 

 

 

NHS costs on HAI

 

Plowman et al 2001, says that HAI costs the hospital sector £930.62 million pounds. The NHS spends a lot on two bacteria that cause HAI, they are MRSA and Clostridium diffiicile.

 

It costs the NHS £4,000 on each case of infection caused by clostridium difficile. Experts say that every case of MRSA costs the National Health Service an extra £9,000 (Telegraph 2008)

 

 

Main causes of Hospital acquired infections     Prevention of HAI 

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