5 Phases of IC    

Definition of Hospital Acquired Infection 


Hospital acquired infections (HAI) are defined as infections acquired in hospitals by a person and with no evidence that the infection was present or incubating upon entry into a healthcare facility.


Any infectious agent can be transmitted nosocomially,whether a bacterium, virus, fungus, parasite, or prion (WHO 2009). 



NHS costs on HAI


Plowman et al 2001, says that HAI costs the hospital sector £930.62 million pounds. The NHS spends a lot on two bacteria that cause HAI, they are MRSA and Clostridium diffiicile.


It costs the NHS £4,000 on each case of infection caused by clostridium difficile. Experts say that every case of MRSA costs the National Health Service an extra £9,000 (Telegraph 2008)



Main causes of Hospital acquired infections     Prevention of HAI 

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